Dawning of the Counter-culture: The 1960s

A lively survey of the eccentric politics and culture of ...


Medical Ethics

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The CIA's Secret Research on Torture

American History

When the CIA first looked into effective methods of torture in the 1950s, it found two major sources of aid. The first was information gleaned by the Nazis during World War II from concentration-camp experiments. The second was the cooperation of professional psychologists, many with leading university positions, who agreed to conduct questionably ethical experiments to show how prisoners might be broken through psychological torture. Alfred McCoy here explores the sordid and often outrageous practices of the CIA and its helpmates.

Tags:  Torture - CIA - Brainwashing - Psychological Interrogation - Medical Ethics - Guantanamo - Nuremberg Code - Donald Hebb - Henry Beecher - Ewan Cameron - Nazi experiments - Stanley Milgram