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Learning the Great River
Mark Twain recalls his adventures—and misadventures—in learning to be a pilot on the Mississippi.
Putting America on Wheels
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Ashes of Soldiers
Walt Whitman’s record of ministering to young wounded soldiers offers one of the tenderest accounts of ...
The Solitude of Self
A champion of women's rights and the intellectual powerhouse of the woman's movement distills her most ...
The Color Line
Four essays, provocative and often poetic, about the black experience in America and the quest for ...
How the 1956 Hungarian Revolution offers a textbook portrait of an uprising against autocratic power.
The Federalist papers, first published in 1787–88, remain a brilliant analysis of the fundamental principles of ...
How the 1849 Gold Rush in California brought mob rule ...
Firing the General - Preview
Harry Truman Tells How He'd Had Enough of MacArthur
by Merle Miller
Firing the General
Mr. President, I know why you fired General MacArthur, but if you don’t mind, I’d like to hear it in your own words.
“I fired him because he wouldn’t respect the authority of the President. That’s the answer to that. 1 didn’t fire him because he was a dumb son of a bitch, although he was, but that’s not against the law for generals. If it was, half to three-quarters of them would be in jail. That’s why when a good one comes along like General Marshall . . . why, you’ve got to hang onto them, and I did.
“But MacArthur . . . well, to understand what happened and what I think most people don’t understand is that the so-called China Lobby was very strong in this country when I was in the White House. They had a great many Congressmen and Senators lined up to do pretty much what they were told, and they had billions or dollars to spend, and they spent it. They even had some newspapers lined up, some big ones at that.* I’m not saying that they bought anybody out, but there was a lot of money floating around, and a lot of people in Washington were following what I call the China Lobby Line.
“You used to hear a lot about the Communist Party Line, but the China Lobby Line was a lot . . . had a lot more people going along, powerful people, too. And what they wanted, they wanted to put old Chiang back in power. And the first step in that direction was getting . . . was trying to get Chiang’s army into the war in Korea, which I was not about to let happen in any way.
“It wasn’t only that I didn’t want . . . had no intention whatsoever of starting a third world war. I knew Chiang’s forces wouldn’t be any damn good.